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Chords are a crucial part to producing music, and knowing the theory behind them is extremely powerful.

Now I know it’s not what everyone wants to hear, but I’m adamant that you need to learn basic music theory if you want to progress further in your music ventures.

I remember when I first started producing.


But don’t worry. It’s actually really easy.

So let’s get started.


If you’d like to learn piano we recommend this course: here

By the end of today’s post you will:

  1. Learn how to make chords in the minor scale.
  2. Have the foundations to build ANY piano chord in the A minor scale and know the basics on how to create a melody.
  3. Be able to write a chord progression using the piano roll in your DAW.


For this piano tutorial, we will be using the A Minor scale to create a simple chord progression and then we’ll get onto some advanced stuff.

The A Minor scale is simple, don’t worry. What I want you to do is find the ‘A’ note on your keyboard on in your DAW.

Piano with notes labelled. A note highlighted
A note


Just play all of the white notes after and voila you have your very own A Minor scale.

So I hear you cry: how do we make use of this for chords?

Let me show you:

Using your A minor scale, we’re going to make an A minor chord on the piano. So… I want you to count (including the black notes), 3 notes up. We call these 1 note steps semi-tones by the way.

Confused about scales? We’ve got you: how to play scales

If you’ve counted three up, you should have arrived at C.

I now want you to count up 4 semi-tones (from c) and arrive at the E note.

Piano Tutorial A Minor Chord

There you have it, an A Minor chord! A, C & E. We call this an A Minor Triad, as it only has 3 notes (more on that below).

Here’s the theory behind that chord. Every minor chord uses the formula I’m about to show you.

piano tutorial a minor scale numbered

We’re going to number each note of the scale (1-8). Number 1 = A, number 8 = A. Everything in-between (minus the black notes) is what makes your A Minor scale.

The formula I mentioned above? Every minor chord including the a minor chord use this:

1, 3, 5

how to make a minor chords piano
A Minor Triad Piano

So you’d play Number 1 = A, Number 3 = C and Number 5 =E

All you need to do to play the rest of the A Minor scale chords on the piano is, keeping the exact same finger position or spacing, move your bottom note to the B. The rest of the notes travel with it, always with the exact same spacing.

Like this…

piano tutorial a minor scale notes numbered b diminished chord
B Diminished chord Piano
piano tutorial a minor scale numbered notes c major chord
C Major chord Piano

And so on.

If you want to stop there, you now know how to create some beautiful chords in A Minor.

For those of your who want something a bit more advanced, to add just a bit more spice. Stick around.

Now we have the basic: 1, 3, 5 Minor Chord, we can begin to add extensions.

Adding an extension is just adding an extra note to the chord. So instead of playing 3 notes, you’d be playing 4 notes and the difference is incredible!

piano tutorial a minor 7 chord
A Minor 7 chord Piano (you can add the 7th on all the above)


Like I mentioned above, the scale is numbered from 1 – 8 (A – A). Now like each scale note, each chord starting from that note is numbered. So our A Minor chord would be 1 and our C Major chord would be 2.

Once we’ve got this knowledge we can start to look online for “chord progressions”. You’ll find loads of stuff on this with a quick google search, but I’ll give you one right now.

5, 3, 1.

piano tutorial e minor chord
5th chord (E Minor) Piano
piano tutorial a minor scale numbered notes c major chord
3rd chord (C Major) Piano
piano tutorial a minor 7 chord
1st chord (A Minor) Piano

This is a very common chord progression used in tonnes of music and is very effective. Give it a go using the above knowledge to help you. Also remember to add the 7th note for a bit more of a Jazzy feel.

Well that’s all for today.

source: https://giphy.com/gifs/thats-all-folks-upg0i1m4DLe5q

Thank you so much for hustling to the end. I know this stuff is difficult so you deserve a pat on the back.

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Keep grinding Whipped Cream fam.

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