G minor's chord scale is a series of chords that are in the key of G major. You can use these chords to create chord progressions that invoke emotions of discontent & uneasiness. In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know about the G minor chord scale, what it uses are and why it's important to know.
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What Are The Chords in The Key of G Minor
To find out the chords in the key of G minor, you need to first understand which notes are in the G minor scale. Once you know this, you can use formulas to work out everything else you need (discussed below)
The G minor scale is as follows:
G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F
Once you have these notes, you can use the notes to work out the series in which the chords flow. You can do this using chord scale formulas. Each note will have it's own chord quality (major, minor or diminished), you use the chord scale formula to work this out.
The major & minor chord scale formulas are:
- Major: major, minor, minor, major, major, minor, diminsihed
- Minor: minor, diminished, major, minor, minor, major, major
As you're working in the minor key, you'll want to use the minor chord scale formula. This is: minor, diminished, major, minor, minor, major, major. Plug this into the G minor scale, and you will find the sequence of chords in the G minor chord scale.
Therefore the G minor chord scale is as follows:
- G minor
- A diminished
- Bb major
- C minor
- D minor
- Eb major
- F major
If you know your basic triad shapes, you can play these chords and you will have the G minor chord scale. If you don't know your basic triads – read on. We will learn how to create each chord from scratch and understand the make-up of each chord.
The most common chord spellings are:
- Major – 1, 3, 5
- Minor – 1, b3, 5
- Diminished – 1, b3, b5
- Augmented – 1, 3, #5
If we take the 3rd chord in the G minor chord scale as an example, because it is a Bb major chord, you will use the minor spelling to create the minor chord (1, b3, 5). However, you will use the Bb major scale to build it.
For example: take the Bb major scale, count the 1 note (Bb), then the 3 note and move it a semi-tone down (D), then the 5 note (F). This gives you your Bb major chord.
You can repeat this process for all the chords in the G minor chord scale. Remember to use the root note's major scale to build the chord – even if it isn't a major chord.
Which Notes Make Up The Chords of The G Minor Scale?
If you don't want to use chord spellings to work out each chord, it's important to know how to play each chord. So here is a quick list of the chords, with their respective notes.
- G minor – G, Bb, D
- A diminished – A, C, Eb
- Bb major – Bb, D, F
- C minor – C, Eb, G
- D minor – D, F, A
- Eb major – Eb, G, Bb
- F major – F, A, C
Common Chord Progressions in G Minor
When using chord scales, you can use pre-made chord progression sequences and plug them into your desired chord scale. To do this, all you need to do is use the roman numerals in the chord progression and match it with the roman numeral on your chord scale chart.
Anything with a 6, 7, 9 after it, is an extension chord, lowercase = minor, and uppercase = major.
Here are some common chord progressions in G minor:
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