The F minor chord scale is a progression of chords that can be found in the key of F minor. F minor is a great scale to use to create emotions of depression, lament and misery when creating melodies or chord progressions.
In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know about the F minor chord scale, what it uses are and why that's important to know for producers.
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What Are The Chords in The Key of E Minor
Piano Chord Scale Quick Links:
| C major | C minor | C# major | C# minor | D major | D minor | Eb major | D# minor | E major | E minor |
| F major | F minor | F# major | F# minor | G major | G minor | Ab major | Ab minor | A major | A minor |
| B major | B minor |
In order to find the chords in the F minor chord scale, you must first know what notes are in the F minor scale. You can then use these notes with formulas to build the chords and everything else you need.
The F minor scale is as follows:
F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb
Once you have the notes in the F minor scale, you can use the formulas we were talking about earlier to find the chords and even build them. Because you are in the minor key, you will want to use the minor chord scale formula listed below.
The major & minor chord scale formulas are:
- Major: major, minor, minor, major, major, minor, diminsihed
- Minor: minor, diminished, major, minor, minor, major, major
Therefore the F minor chord scale is as follows:
- G minor
- G diminished
- Ab major
- Bb minor
- C minor
- Db major
- Eb major
If you know your triads, you can now play the F minor chord scale. If you don't, you can use the chord spellings to find out which notes create each chord.
The most common chord spellings are:
- Major – 1, 3, 5
- Minor – 1, b3, 5
- Diminished – 1, b3, b5
- Augmented – 1, 3, #5
To use the chord spellings you need to plug them into the major scale of the root note, of the chord you want to find. You then use the correct spelling, based on the quality of chord that you want (major, minor, diminished).
For example: take the 5th chord (C minor), you need the C major scale, with the minor spelling (1, b3, 5) count the 1 note (C), then the 3 note, then flatten it (Eb), then the 5 note (G). This gives you your C minor chord.
You can do this for every note in the scale and you can build every chord in the E minor chord scale following this process. Just make sure to use the root note's major scale and the correct spelling.
E.G. C (root note – use the major scale of this) minor (quality – use the minor spelling)
Which Notes Make Up The Chords of The F Minor Scale?
Once you know the chords in the F minor scale, you should understand the notes that make up each chord, so you can play them.
The E minor chord scale, with individual chord notes is as follows:
- F minor – F, Ab, C
- G diminished – G, B, Db
- Ab major – Ab, C, Eb
- Bb minor – Bb, Db, F
- C minor – C, Eb, G
- Db major – Db, F, Ab
- Eb major – Eb, G, Bb
Common Chord Progressions in F Minor
Once you understand how to play the F minor chord scale, you can use chord progressions to quickly start ideas and build melodies rapidly. These are strings of chords that already sound good in conjunction with each other – you just plug them into your chord scale.
To do this, all you need to do is use the roman numerals in the chord progression and match them with the roman numeral on your chord scale chart.
Anything with a 6, 7, 9 after it, is an extension chord, lowercase = minor, and uppercase = major.
Here are some common chord progressions in F minor:
- I, iii, IV, V
- I, IV, vi, V
- vi, IV, I, V
- vi, IV, I, V
- IV, I, V, vi